viernes, 30 de enero de 2009

QUÉ ES EL COACHING --

WHAT IS COACHING?
You know that Actual Coaching is a web about coaching. Ok so far. But, what is exactly “coaching”?. What do we understand when talking about “coaching people” and what is the difference between this and the other forms of mentoring and helping others?

Let’s try to provide some basic definitions:

Coaching is a method of directing, instructing and training a person or group of people, with the aim to achieve some goal or develop specific skills. It is a process that enables learning and development to occur and thus performance to improve. To be a successful Coach requires a knowledge and understanding of processes as well as the variety of styles, skills and techniques that are appropriate to the context in which the coaching takes place.

There are many ways to coach, types of coaching and methods to coaching. Direction may include motivational speaking. Training may include seminars, workshops, and supervised practice, for instance.

What are the origins of Coaching?
According to several sources, the name allegedly recalls the multitasking skills associated with controlling the team of a horse-drawn stagecoach. By the 1880s American college sports teams had — in addition to managers — coaches, which help them in performing better. Some time in the 20th century, non-sporting coaches emerged: non-experts in the specific technical skills of their clients, but who nevertheless ventured to offer generalised motivational or inspirational advice.

The difference between coaching and other types of help
Many organizations and HR personnel assure they use coaching when what they do in fact is to use consultancy. What are the differences?:

Both apply a model client-instructor who concentrates in the yield and operation of the individual.
Both construct an interpersonal relation and use techniques, listening outposts, asking questions and reflection.
Both use the establishment of objectives and the creation of action plans.
But the differences between both approaches are significant:

The consultancy makes more emphasis in the deficits and problems derived from a breach or of a nonwished conduct. Nevertheless, the coaching leans on the strong points of the person and in the profits of the objetive. Its approach is to fortify and to support the grow and the development of the customer.
The consultancy: the employee has the problem and the consultant is an expert that will solve it for him. The coach is a guide, not expert, and provide resources already present within the reach of the customer.
Consultancy concentrates more in the analysis of the reactive behaviors and his changes. Coaching is proactive: its objective consist on identifying and solving problems before they arise.


Coaching Types
Life coaching

Life coaching is a practice with the aim of helping clients determine and achieve personal goals. Life coaches use multiple methods that will help clients with the process of setting and reaching goals. Coaching is not targeted at psychological illness, and coaches are not therapists nor consultants. Life coaching has roots in executive coaching, which itself drew on techniques developed in management consulting and leadership training. There are four self-appointed accreditation bodies for life coaching: the International Coaching Council (ICC) , the International Coach Federation (ICF), the International Association of Coaching (IAC) and the European Coaching Institute (ECI). No independent supervisory board evaluates these programs, and they are all privately owned.

Personal coaching

Personal Coaching is a relationship which is designed and defined in a relationship agreement between a client and a coach. It is based on the client’s expressed interests, goals, and objectives. Personal Coaching is a learning process. A Personal Coach may use inquiry, reflection, requests and discussion to help clients identify personal and/or business and/or relationship goals, develop strategies, relationships and action plans intended to achieve those goals. A coach provides a place for clients to be held accountable to themselves by monitoring the clients’ progress towards implementation of their action plans. Together they evolve and modify the plan to best suit the client’s needs and environmental relationships. A Personal Coach acts as a human mirror for clients by sharing an outside and unbiased perspective on what they are observing about their clients.

A Personal Coach may teach specific insights and skills to empower the client toward their goals. Finally, a Personal Coach encourages the client to celebrate the achievement of milestones and goals.

Clients are responsible for their own achievements and success. The client takes action; and the coach may assist, but never leads or does more than the client. Therefore, a coach cannot and does not promise that a client will take any specific action or attain specific goals.

Business coaching


Business coaching is the practice of providing support and occasional advice to an individual or group in order to help them recognize ways in which they can improve the effectiveness of their business. It can be provided in a number of ways, including one-on-one tuition, group coaching sessions and large scale seminars. Business coaches are often called in when a business is perceived to be performing badly, however many businesses recognize the benefits of business coaching even when the organization is successful. Business coaches often specialize in different practice areas such as Executive Coaching, Corporate Coaching, and Leadership Coaching.

At least one organization, the Worldwide Association of Business Coaches (WABC), provides a membership-based association for professionals involved in business coaching. The WABC also provides an accrediting system for business coach training programs.


WHAT DOES A COACH DO?
A Coach does not:

It does not advise
It does not decide on your behalf or for you
It does not judge you for your opinions
It does not create dependency (once learned the process, the client does not need to come back to the coach for new challenges)
Is not interested in the past of the client
A Coach does:

Listens actively
Questions you as much as possible so that you clarify your situation

Discovers what it is really important for you
Makes you bring back your consciousness to your personal reality
Brings light to all your talents and potential
It does makes you responsible of your own decisions during the process
It provides autonomy to you so that always you can act without external dependencies
Goes with you in your growing process with total trust and confidence
Supports you in every thing you decide and unconditionally accepts you on a positive way © 2009 Actual Coaching || Contact : info(at)aprendecoaching.com